Infertility is a challenge for many women who dream of becoming pregnant. It is also a big taboo for men as it is often not associated with male health. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the symptoms of infertile men, so that it is possible to diagnose them as soon as possible.
In the past, it was believed that only females faced problems with fertility. Today, it is already known that numerous diseases are associated with an advanced paternal age, not to mention that the quality of the spermogram can decline after 45 years.
With a little more health care, periodic examinations and attention to the signals that the body gives, it is possible to identify problems associated with male infertility.
Keep reading to see what your main symptoms are and better understand their causes!
What are the causes of male infertility?
There are several factors that can lead to infertility in men, but among the main causes is a disease known as varicocele, which is characterized by the presence of dilated veins in the spermatic cord, which negatively affect the testicle.
This increases the flow and backflow of blood from the abdomen to the testicle, allowing the temperature to rise and the accumulation of oxygen free radicals in the male organ, which can worsen seminal quality.
According to the best sexologist in Delhi varicocele affects about 15% of men, but not everyone who has the disease has infertility. However, of those who experience this challenge, about 30% to 45% have the disease to some degree.
The other causes can be associated with lifestyle – such as smoking, alcohol, drugs – and those related to hormonal changes and treatments that have caused some damage to the testicles – such as previous surgeries, radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
What are the main symptoms of infertile men?
Infertility does not always show clear signs throughout the body. Hence the importance of carrying out periodic examinations. In the case of infertile man symptoms, some signs are:
- problem with ejaculation or small amounts of fluid ejaculated, decreased libido or erectile dysfunction;
- heaviness, pain, swelling or testicular swelling;
- gynecomastia — abnormal breast growth;
- decreased facial or body hair or other indications of chromosomal or hormonal abnormalities.
What tests to do to have a diagnosis of infertility?
The diagnosis of male infertility can be divided into three pillars:
- physical exam;
- spermogram done in a reliable laboratory and with sperm function tests;
- testicular pouch ultrasound, along with blood tests.
Quality of life — main remedy against infertility in men
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the backbone of infertility prevention. All our actions and what we consume directly affect the quantity and quality of sperm. This is an important way to help increase fertility.